Solitary: A species in which individuals form no enduring social relationships, living most of their lives in a solitary condition, and forming no enduring pair bonds.
A species in which individuals form no enduring social relationships, living most of their lives in a solitary condition, and forming no enduring pair bonds.
Literally, Not Social
A species in which individuals do not engage in social interactions with each other
A group of animals which gather around a common resource, such as food or water. It is the resource, and not any internal organization of the group which causes the proximity of the individuals, and cooperative behavior does not occur within the group.
A species is classified as social if members form long-term pair bonds, live in family groups, or live in larger groups with a relatively stable long-term membership. In addition, members of the social group exhibit individual recognition, cooperative behavior and reciprocal communication.
"An individual to which another consistently gives way is said to be dominant in the relationship, the other being subordinate..."
Immelman and Beer 1989
A Dictionary of Ethology
Social organization in cats-Matriarchal
"Adult females associate in lineages which are the building blocks of cat society."
MacDonald, Yamaguchi & Kerby 2000
» female-female pairs
» male-male pairs
» male-female pairs
Preferred associates do not associate exclusively at specific sites of preferred resources, e.g. food, resting sites. Instead, they are often found together in a large number of sites. (Chi-square: Association was random with regard to location.) This rules out the hypothesis that they simply tend to go to the same resources at the same time of day, or are forming aggregations. They are together for another reason, i.e. a social bond.
Friendly greeting: Tail Up
Adult cats, including free-living and feral cats which must hunt to survive, play.
For pairs of cats, the longer they have been together, the less overt aggression occurs. This is consistent with the formation of stable dominance relationships which rely on dominance signaling, rather than overt aggression.
Relatives and cats that a given cat is more familiar with are more likely to be nearest neighbors than non-relatives and cats a given cat is not familiar with. Being related is more important than familiarity
Socialization of kittens and juveniles
What roles do adults play in the social education of juveniles?
Recognized as "strangers" and are either driven from the group or, if they are successful in persistent attempts to join the group, cause a period of conflict and disorganization within the group.
Males mate with multiple females AND females mate with multiple males.
How did they become social?
Is Felis libyca really solitary?
Selection pressure on ancestral Felis libyca
Dominance in Cats