Distinguishing this acute lung injury from others is important since the treatments vary.
“Transfusion-associated lung injury is an acute lung injury temporally associated with transfusion of plasma-containing blood products. Most authorities agree that the syndrome generally develops within six hours of transfusion and tends to carry a better prognosis than acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. It is important to make the distinction between transfusion-associated lung injury and transfusion-associated circulatory overload, as treatments for each will vary.”
-Kristen P. Woosley, DVM, DACVECC