Fear Plus Pain or Pain Plus Fear? Banish Them Both! (Proceedings PDF)

September 1, 2019
Robin Downing, DVM, DAAPM, DACVSMR, CVPP, CCRP, CVA, MS
Robin Downing, DVM, DAAPM, DACVSMR, CVPP, CCRP, CVA, MS

Robin Downing, DVM, DAAPM, DACVSMR, CVPP, CCRP, CVA, MS in Clinical Bioethics, is a founder and past-president of the International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management. She owns Windsor Veterinary Clinic and The Downing Center for Animal Pain Management in Windsor, Colorado.