Veterinarian charged with plot to drug horses before races

March 7, 2017

Kyle James Hebert allegedly schemed to influence race outcomes by doping horses with frog juice.

A Louisiana veterinarian has been charged with engaging in a scheme to influence the outcome of horse races by illegally treating the animals with a synthetic version of a drug known as “frog juice,” according to a recent news report from the Associated Press.

According to the report, the federal indictment accuses the veterinarian, Kyle James Hebert, DVM, of providing trainers with syringes of dermorphin, an opioid roughly 30 times more potent than morphine that is naturally secreted by tree frogs native to South America, to inject the painkiller in at least four horses that compete at Louisiana racetracks. The indictment, returned February 9 by a grand jury in the Western District of Louisiana, says Hebert told trainers that the mislabeled drug would make the horses “focus” and run faster.

The report notes that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration hasn't approved any drug containing dermorphin for use in humans or animals.

Hebert's practice, Southern Equine Sports Medicine, operates veterinary clinics in Lake Charles and Sunset in the state of Louisiana. The indictment charges him and an Omaha, Nebraska-based company, Kohll's Pharmacy & Healthcare Inc., with conspiracy, according to the AP report.

Hebert is licensed to practice veterinary medicine at racetracks by the Louisiana State Racing Commission. In 2012, the commission sanctioned nine trainers whose horses tested positive for dermorphin, according to the report.

The indictment says Hebert purchased approximately $25,000 worth of the mislabeled drug from Kohll's between November 2010 and May 2012. Kohll's invoices falsely identified the drug as “d-peptide,” a fictitious name, according to the indictment.

One of the sanctioned trainers told the commission that Hebert gave drugs to his horses and had claimed they were “human herbs that would boost metabolism and help them breathe a bit,” according to a Times-Picayune report in September of that year.

Charles Gardiner, the commission's executive director, says he believes the indictment secured by U.S. Attorney Stephanie Finley's office marks the first criminal charges over the use of dermorphin at Louisiana racetracks. Gardiner says 11 horses linked to the nine trainers tested positive for the drug. He calls it “the most serious offenses in the history of Louisiana racing,” according to the report.

“It endangered the horses, it affected the outcome of races and it defrauded the wagering public,” Gardiner says in the report.

Hebert is accused of falsifying invoices for his veterinary services to conceal that the drugs were provided to trainers on race days, according to the report. Racing commission regulations prohibit anyone from injecting any substance into a horse within four hours of a race. The indictment says Hebert and his employees instructed trainers to perform injections one hour before race time.

Steven Barker, PhD, MVSc, a professor emeritus from Louisiana State University's School of Veterinary Medicine, oversaw lab tests for dermorphin on samples collected from racing regulators in both Louisiana and Oklahoma, the report states.

Barker says the use and concealment of performance-enhancing drugs has always been a “cat and mouse game” in the horse racing industry. But its rate of positive drug tests is low compared to “human athletic endeavors,” he says in the report.

“The actual number of cases where there appears to be an obvious attempt to gain an advantage is very small, Barker says in the report.