Steven C. Budsberg, DVM, MS, DACVS
Fracture repair results in the creation of a bone-implant composite. Although most of our interventions for fracture repair are successful, at times it seems as though there are an endless number of errors that may prevent the fracture from healing. Fortunately, once the cause of the complication is recognized, the underlying problem can often be corrected and a successful outcome eventually attained.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to control acute and chronic pain in veterinary patients. The presence and activity of two isoforms of the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme, a constitutive COX-1 and an inducible COX-2, have been investigated intensely since the early 1990s.
The ability to diagnose the cause of a lameness is essential to the small animal clinician. In our day to day practice settings, dogs and cats present with a variety of lamenesses. Many of these problems resolve with rest, or a diagnosis is readily available (cut pad, ingrown nail, etc?).
While considered a very common problem in small animal medicine, osteoarthritis is very likely the most under diagnosed, and misunderstood rheumatic disease in dogs and cats. Part of the problem veterinarians face with OA is that it is a slow, progressive and often insidious problem.
It is important to understand that when a dog presents with a dog with hip laxity (hip dysplasia) with or without secondary degenerative changes, that there is not one single way to manage every patient. Initially, one must decide if a particular patient is better suited for medical or surgical options.
Metallic implants placed in the body should be corrosion-resistant, biocompatible, and must have adequate strength to withstand functional stress. Corrosion of metal occurs because of the electrochemical ions in body fluid. Most metal implants currently used in veterinary surgery are of 316L stainless steel.