James Fingeroth, DVM, DACVS
Canine laryngeal paralysis, Part 2: Surgical treatment, aftercare, prognosis and complications
The tie back remains the most common surgical method for correction.
Surgery STAT: Canine laryngeal paralysis, Part 1: Epidemiology, diagnosis and medical management
Laryngeal paralysis is recognized because of the loss of function in the paired cricoarytenoideus dorsalis (CAD) muscles, which are the only abductors of the aytenoid cartilages.