J. Catharine Scott-Moncrieff, MA, Vet MB, MS, MRCVS, DACVIM, DECVIM, DSAM
This veterinary internist says for cats owners to put themselves in their cats' shoes before shooting for diabetic remission as the ultimate goal.
A look at which factors might make spontaneous normalization of glycemic control more likely in one of your feline patients.
If not, Dr. J. Catharine Scott-Moncriefl explains why you should be.
Dr. J. Catharine Scott-Moncrieff reveals the keys to insulin control.
In the normal dog fasting does not usually result in hypoglycemia. Therefore a serum glucose concentration < 60 mg/dl is almost always due to either organic disease or to laboratory error. In an animal with normal glucose homeostasis, insulin secretion is stimulated when the blood glucose is > 110 mg/dl; insulin secretion is depressed and secretion of hormones that oppose insulin (epinephrine, glucagon, cortisol, growth hormone) is stimulated when the blood glucose falls below < 60 mg/dl.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrine disease in dogs and cats characterized by an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. This results in a decreased ability of cells to take up and utilize not only glucose, but also amino acids, fatty acids, and electrolytes. In addition the lack of insulin results in increased gluconeogenesis, glycogenolysis, lipolysis, ketogenesis, and protein catabolism.