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4B) Correct. Figure 2 shows Leishmania species amastigotes. The dog?s travel history suggested that this dog was most likely infected with L. infantum, which is transmitted to dogs and people by the bite of sandflies in the genus Phlebotomus. Other sandfly genera transmit Leishmania species in other areas of the world, including most of Latin America.11 Sandfly transmission of Leishmania species is not thought to commonly occur in the United States.