When an avian patient presents to the veterinary hospital in critical condition the immediate medical care provided often
is the difference between life and death. This presentation will discuss how to determine hydration, anatomic sites utilized
for different forms of hydration therapy, different fluid agents commonly used, and how to determine fluid replacement volumes.
Nutritional supplementation for the avian patient including, products used, commercially available supplements, and how much
to feed critically ill birds are important learning issues. When and how to place an air sac breathing tube will be the final
focus of the presentation. (1 CE credit)
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