American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Surgery STAT is a collaborative column between the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS) and dvm360 magazine. To locate a diplomate, visit ACVS’s online directory, which includes practice setting, species emphasis and research interests, at acvs.org.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Nov 01, 2008
In the first article in this series, we provided a brief overview of the two surgical procedures that addressed the active, abnormal biomechanics of the cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifle—Tibial Tuberosity Advancement and Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Oct 01, 2008
The Tibial Tuberosity Advancement (TTA) is a procedure developed in Zurich, Switzerland, in the early 2000s. The biomechanics behind its success for correcting cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifles is a change in the patellar tendon angle that effectively neutralizes the tibiofemoral shear (tibial thrust) that occurs during weight bearing.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Sep 01, 2008
Adult stem cells are cells found in various tissues throughout the bodies of both juveniles and adults. By definition, these are undifferentiated cells that can be induced to become any of a number of cell types.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Jul 01, 2008
Ligating the ovarian pedicles during an ovariohysterectomy in a large or obese dog can be a challenging task, especially if the ovarian pedicles are thick or surrounded by excessive adipose tissue that is not easily incorporated into simple encircling ligatures.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Apr 01, 2008
Congenital portosystemic shunts usually are single vessels that develop inside or outside the liver (Photo 1). Because these vessels carry blood around the liver instead of through it, the normal hepatic processes of metabolism, storage and production are disrupted. Most animals with congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) present with mild to moderate clinical signs that are not life-threatening. The most critical component for their long-term treatment is restriction of dietary protein to reduce substrates for ammonia formation by colonic bacteria. Diets for dogs with CPSS should be 15 percent to 20 percent protein on a dry-matter basis, readily digestible, high in zinc and vitamin E, and low in manganese. Sources of gastrointestinal hemorrhage (gastritis, parasites), which provide additional protein substrate, should be treated. Ammonia production and absorption can be reduced by administration of lactulose, antibiotics such as neomycin or metronidazole, or unflavored yogurt with active cultures. Cystitis..